Queen Elizabeth II Has Died, The Sun Setting On The Longest Reign

Britain’s longest-reigning monarch, the late Queen Elizabeth II, died on Thursday at the age of 96 in Belmoral. She was abdicated after a dramatic change in the royal family. Their four children and grandson, Prince William, are arriving at Belmoral. Prince Charles, who is now King, will spend the night at Balmoral with his wife Camilla and the Queen in concert and will fly to London on Friday.

Queen Elizabeth II celebrated the seventieth anniversary of her coronation in the same year. And two days ago, he had a meeting with the newly elected British Prime Minister.

The national flag at Buckingham Palace has been flown at half-mast since the Queen’s death.

 

A look at the life of Queen Elizabeth II

According to historians of the British royal family, from her childhood Elizabeth was convinced that she would become queen, and even more surprisingly, her grandfather, King George V of Great Britain, crowned her. had predicted.

The coming time not only proved this prediction correct, but on February 6 this year, Elizabeth II completed seven decades of royal rule.

 

Royal Empire

Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor (full name Queen Elizabeth) was born in London on April 21, 1926. At the time of her birth, Great Britain ruled over a quarter of the world’s population. Until the middle of the last century, it was said that the sun never sets on the British Empire.

When Queen Elizabeth II ascended the throne, the power of the British crown had set in many parts of the world. Despite this, she was officially the head of state of many countries including Great Britain, Australia, Canada and New Zealand..

During her 70-year reign, the Queen of Great Britain saw many ups and downs, but the start of her longest reign was a coincidence.

Accidental Monarchy

Elizabeth Alexandra, who was born on April 21, 1926, to George VI, the second son of King George V of Great Britain, was certainly part of the royal family, but at that time, no one thought that she would ascend the throne of Great Britain at such a young age. will But a dramatic change made it possible.

Elizabeth’s father, George VI, was preceded by her older brother, Edward VIII, who reigned from 20 January to 11 December 1936. Edward was in love with Willis Warfield Simpson, an American divorcee, and wanted to marry her.

In Great Britain, the King or Queen is also the head of the Church of England. Marriage under the Church is for life and the spouse of a divorced person cannot remarry if he or she is alive.

After the divorce, because …

Coronation Television and New Traditions

During the Queen’s longest reign, Britain’s monarchy has continued, but has also seen many innovations. Some of these new traditions were started by her before she became queen. In 1945, she became the first female royal to serve in the military.

When Queen Elizabeth was crowned on June 2, 1953, it was the first time that a royal event was televised live. Millions of people around the world saw this scene on TV for the first time.

 

 

The live broadcast of the coronation ceremony was a historic turning point for TV and the British royal family. Since then, ordinary citizens had more access to information about the lifestyle and lifestyle of the royal family.

In 1957, the Queen’s first Christmas message was broadcast on TV, which she described as a step forward in direct and personal communication with the public.

 

The End of Colonialism and the ‘Winds of Change’

Ghana was the last British colonial country in Africa to gain independence in 1957. Three years later, British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan gave what became known as the ‘Winds of Change’ speech in South Africa. In this speech, he said that like it or not, a growing national consciousness. It has become a political reality.

One by one, most of Britain’s colonies in Africa and the Caribbean became independent. The British Empire chapter closed after Hong Kong was handed over to China in 1997.

Although today there are 14 different territories and islands outside Great Britain that were part of the Queen’s empire and she was the head of state of 15 Commonwealth countries, including Australia, New Zealand and Canada, this is more than a continuation of a tradition. It remains the case. Now this legacy will be passed on to the Queen’s successor..

 

Interact with the public

In the later years of Queen Elizabeth’s life, her public engagements were somewhat limited, but as royal ruler she initiated many traditions of public contact. She went on a tour of Australia and New Zealand in 1970, on which occasion she started another new tradition. For the first time in this visit, she mingled with the public, shook hands with them and chatted with common people.

Since then, this method has become the norm of the royal family for public popularity. Princess Diana in particular gained the most public acclaim from such public encounters.

 

A terrible year

In 1981, the Queen’s son, Prince Charles, married Diana in a traditional ceremony, and the couple became the center of global public attention. But later when this marriage broke up, the reputation of the British royal family was also affected.

Later in the 1990s, the popularity of the royal family declined sharply. Three of the Queen’s four children ended their marriages in 1992, and she described it as a ‘terrible year’ for the royal family.

Death of Diana

The death of Princess Diana in a traffic accident in Paris in August 1997 was considered a public shock. In Britain, the Queen’s indifference was felt over the tragedy.

On this occasion, the Queen’s silence regarding the accident and not hoisting the national flag were also criticized. Several days after the incident, under intense public pressure, the Queen finally addressed the nation on television, in which she said, “As the Queen and as a grandmother, I am addressing you and we are trying to get over this trauma in our own way.”

read second part

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published.